Martial Arts Types

Martial Arts Types

We live in a world where security is becoming a necessity, there are threats all around. We see it daily in the news, we hear about attacks in other countries, and we all know people that have been robbed.
What can we do about it ? Many things, but first and foremost we can inform ourselves.

Here are some things that can be done for security and protection of our home, ourselves and our loved ones:

Protection and security is a personal choice unfortunately and many people do not feel the need until it's too late. But there is a lot you can do for your peace of mind.

Here we have decided to concentrate on self defence martial arts styles.
There are hundreds if not thousands of martial arts styles in the world, some are combat types and some are self defence types.  Sometimes violence is unavoidable, and one of the most important skills someone can have is the ability to protect himself from an attacker.
Here we’ve put together a list of some of the main and most important styles of martial arts out there.
Not in any particular order, here are some of the most effective martial arts style for self defence:


Turkey's Servet Tazegul (L) kicks Britain's Martin Stamper during their men's -68kg semifinal taekwondo match at the ExCel venue during the London Olympic Games, August 9, 2012. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

Also known as TKD, Tae Kwon Do, TaeKwonDo, Taekwon-Do, Tae-Kwon-Do
Focus Strikingkicking
Hardness Full-contact (WTF)Medium-contact (ITF,GTF,ATA)
Country of origin South Korea
Famous practitioners Choi Hong HiNam Tae HiJhoon RheeDonnie YenTony JaaBilly BlanksMichael Jai WhiteSun Hwan ChungScott AdkinsSarah Michelle GellarJeeja YaninCung LeChuck NorrisJean-Claude Van DammeMirko FilipovićJoe Rogan
Taekwondo and Korea simultaneously developed over the past 5,000 years. In 1945, after the end of the occupation of Korea by Imperial Japan, new martial arts schools (kwans) opened in Seoul, established by Korean martial artists who had studied in Japan during Japanese rule. Taekwondo typically refers to the martial arts practiced by the kwans during the 1940s and 1950s. Each kwan had its own unique style. 

There were originally nine kwans that were recognized by the Korean Government. In 1955, the nine kwans united to form one kwan which created the style of Taekwondo that is most commonly taught today.


Taekwondo is an effective form of martial arts, it loosely means “the way of the hand and fist” 

Often characterized by its fast and high spinning kicks, Taekwondo is the only martial arts style, on this list, that is an Olympic sport.





Focus Grappling and softness
Country of origin Japan
Famous practitioners Kisshomaru UeshibaMoriteru UeshibaChristian TissierMorihiro SaitoKoichi ToheiYoshimitsu YamadaGozo ShiodaMitsugi SaotomeSteven Seagal


Aikido was created by Morihei Ueshiba, referred to as Ōsensei ("Great Teacher”). Ueshiba envisioned aikido not only as the synthesis of his martial training, but as an expression of his personal philosophy of universal peace and reconciliation. Aikido has evolved from the Aiki that Ueshiba studied into a variety of expressions by martial artists throughout the world.

Aikido is an extremely effective martial arts style yet, it is not a traditional martial art. For example, Aikido fighters consider the safety and well-being of their attacker as much as they do their own. Rather than defeat their opponent, an Aikido fighter’s goal is to find a peaceful resolution.

Aikido is also a highly spiritual martial art. The word Aikido actually means “the way of harmony of the spirit”


Aikido is one of the most complicated of all the different Japanese martial arts. If you’re looking to quickly learn how to defend yourself, try one of the more reflexive martial arts styles like Krav Maga.

Aikido is a derivative of Jujutsu. It combines Jujutsu’s joint locks and throws with the body movements of sword and spear fighting.

Aikido also heavily incorporates the concept of redirecting and manipulating the energy of an attacker. Aikido fighters use their opponent’s aggression and momentum to throw them away or render their attack powerless.

The additional time to master the technique, and the fact that the Aikido is a more peaceful style, doesn’t mean that it isn’t one of the best martial arts for self defense.





Focus Hybrid
Country of origin Israel
Parenthood BoxingAikidoWrestlingJudoKAPAP
Famous practitioners Haim Gidon, Eyal Yanilov, Kobi Lichtenstein


Krav Maga was born out of street fights and battles, between Lichtenfeld’s group of vigilantes and the anti-Semitic thugs. The martial arts style was created by Imi Lichtenfeld, a world renowned wrestler, boxer and gymnast. It is easily one of the best martial arts for self defense in the world.

In the mid-1930’s, anti-Semitic groups riots began to threaten the Jews of Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. To protect his friends and family, Lichtenfeld became the leader of a group of Jewish boxers and wrestlers who took to the streets to defend Jewish neighborhoods against the growing numbers of national socialist party and anti-Semitic thugs. Lichtenafeld started developing the skills and techniques that would eventually become Krav Maga.


Krav Maga is designed to quickly neutralize threats. The moves aren’t flashy; they’re simple and often dirty. 

Krav Maga encourages students to avoid confrontation. If this is impossible or unsafe, it promotes finishing a fight as quickly as possible. Attacks are aimed at the most vulnerable parts of the body, and training is not limited to techniques that avoid severe injury; some even permanently injure or cause death to the opponent. .

Three pillars of Krav Maga:

  1. Neutralize the threat. This is the main goal of the Krav Maga.
  2. Simultaneous defense and attack. Unlike many martial arts styles, Krav Maga’s attack and defense are intertwined. Instead of blocking until there is an opportunity to attack, you block in a way that opens up the opportunity for a counter attack.
  3. Attack the body’s vulnerabilities. Such as the eyes, face, throat, neck, groin and fingers.





Focus Grappling
Country of origin Japan
Famous practitioners Ice-T, Kanō Jigorō, Takeda Sōkaku, Seishiro Okazaki, Jigoro Kano, Wally Jay, Gokor Chivichyan, Gene LeBell, Lee Hasdell, Carlos Newton, Benny Urquidez, Tim Kennedy


Judo, Aikido and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, are derivatives of Jujutsu.This ancient martial art was developed by the Japanese and taught as one of the foundational fighting techniques of samurais.
The samurai were deadly with weapons, like the sword and bow, but if they were ever disarmed, they needed a way to defend themselves. Jujutsu was developed to help these fierce warriors if they found themselves without a weapon.
In jujutsu, practitioners train in the use of many potentially fatal moves, yet Jujutsu translates to the “art of softness”



Jujutsu is one of the most effective martial arts in the world because it uses your attacker’s aggressiveness, and momentum against them.
When attacked, a Jujutsu fighter will redirect their attacker’s energy and momentum in a way that they prefer. This redirection renders the attack useless and often gives the Jujutsu fighter an opportunity for a counter attack.
The majority of Jujutsu’s moves are throws and joint locks (applying breaking pressure to a joint like an elbow or knee). The two used in combination are what make Jujutsu such an effective and deadly martial arts style.

As Jujutsu was developed for disarmed samurai, it’s an extremely effective martial arts style against both armed and unarmed attackers. 





Focus Striking
Country of origin China
Famous practitioners Sum Nung, Yip Man, Leung Sheung, Bruce Lee, Leung Ting, Kenneth Chung, Donnie Yen, Nicholas Tse, Philip Ng, Robert Downey Jr., Nicolas Cage


The earliest known mentions of Wing Chun date to the period of Red Boat Opera (late 1800s).
The history is a mix of fact and legend, but it is agreed that it was developed as an offshoot of complex martial arts styles taught by Buddhist monks.
Popular history of Wing Chun says that Buddhist Nun, Ng Mui created Wing Chun to be a martial arts style that could be effectively used regardless of a person’s size, weight or gender.
Mui developed many of the moves based on the movements of animals, particularly that of the crane. The combination of these different movements allow the fighter to block and strike much more effectively.
That same story that was told by Ip Man, the Wing Chun Grandmaster and sifu (teacher) to Bruce Lee.



Wing Chun fighters are some of the most well rounded fighters in the world.
Balance is one of the foundations of Wing Chun. Its fighter’s pride themselves on not being caught off balance or in a poor defense stance.
They attack and defend simultaneously and, unlike many martial arts styles, are deadly at close range.